Many wonder where do bed bugs come from and how do they spread and infest their homes. Get the facts and answers to these questions as well as learn where do bed bugs hide and how to get rid of the infestation.
Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?
The common bed bugs were thought to come from the developing world, but nobody even the scientists are sure. The first mention of bed bugs came from as early as 400 BC in ancient Greece but they are also mentioned in Rome in 77 AD, followed by Germany in the 11th century, France in the 13th century as well as in England in the 16th century.
Prior to the mid 20th century, bed bugs are thought to be a common household pest until post-war period in the 1940s where bed bugs almost disappeared in Western countries with the introduction of potent pesticides.
How Do Bed Bugs Spread?
Scientists are really baffled about the new wave of bed bug infestation all over the world. Experts and entomologists believes that the increased and ease of international travel is contributing to the outbreak of the bugs. In addition, many powerful pesticides like DDT that were once used to treat bed bugs are now banned because of their high level of toxicity as well as with the new generation of bed bugs that are becoming increasingly resistant to many new, commonly used pesticides may have also contributed to their growing populations.
Where Do Bed Bugs Live And Hide?
Contary to popular beliefs, bed bugs are not particular about hygiene or cleanliness and an infestation is not a sign of unsanitary conditions. These tiny bloodsuckers don’t discriminate when it comes to location and have been found in luxury, world class hotels, shopping stores, cinemas, schools and offices.
No bigger than the size of an apple seed, bed bugs are very persistent and relentless parasites that feed on the blood of hapless sleepers. Like cockroaches, bed bugs are very good at hiding in ingenious places and they are also capable of living several months without food, plus the fact that each female bed bug can lay up to 200 to 400 eggs in their lifetime which is probably the secret to their survival and resurgence. They can hide in luggage, clothes, furniture, bed linen, toys and one may never know that there is a bed bug problem until waking up in the morning with bites marks on the skin.
Bed bugs’ preferred habitat is the bedroom, and especially beds or other areas where people sleep where they have ready supply of blood to feed on. They are mostly active at night and tend to feed on their human hosts when they are sleeping but they are not strictly nocturnal. These tiny critters are attracted to carbon dioxide that human sleepers exhale as well as body heat.
After feeding on their victims for about five minutes, they crawl back into hiding in the mattress seams, in the headboard crevices, behind the loose wallpaper, even behind the light switches. Because they are small and flat, they can hide in very tiny spaces, and finding them can be very hard. Individuals who wake up in the morning covered with bite marks on their arms and faces often have no clue what bit them and can’t be sure the bites came from bed bugs and not from mosquitoes, fleas, spiders or even from some other types of skin irritation.
How To Detect Bed Bugs
Even with the answers on where do bed bugs come from and how they spread into our homes, detecting them can be a very tedious task. To find whether if one has bed bugs in the home or in a hotel room while traveling, the first area to typically inspect is the bed. Use a torchlight and look behind the headboard, along seams of mattresses as well as furniture beside the bed, carpets and areas behind peeling wallpaper are some of the ways that many experts recommend to confirm the presence of bed bugs.