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How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs At Home

Bed Bug Bites And Rash

What do bed bug bites and the resulting skin rash look like? Do the bites transmit diseases? See pictures and get answers about the symptoms, treatment and prevention of bed bug bites and rash.

First Signs Of Bed Bug Bites

There are few scenarios more disconcerting than waking up in the morning to find rows and clusters of bites on your body. And it is even more chilling to think that you may be sleeping with the enemy that have feasted upon you all night, sucking their fill on your blood for three to five minutes at a time.

Initial signs of being bitten are usually the skin reaction to bed bug bites.

To find out if you have been bitten, check if you have the following symptoms:

  • Development of small to large red bumps that occur in a row, cluster or linear pattern. (Other insects like mosquitoes, fleas, ants or lice do not bite in a cluster or linear pattern; only bed bugs do which experts refer to as “breakfast, lunch, and dinner”, a sequential feeding pattern of bed bugs.)
  • Repeatedly waking up each morning to find more similar bite marks patterns on same or other parts of the body (with no cough, fever, sore throat, vomiting or diarrhea been detected.)
  • Unusual staining of brown spots (dried blood) or insect waste on the bed sheets.

Note: For some people, when bitten by bed bugs, the bites can develop into intense itching with an allergic response.

What Do Bed Bug Bites And Rash Look Like?

The appearance of bed bug bites depends upon the individual’s response to the bites. For some people, the reactions to the bites may be delayed from 5 to 14 days before any signs of the “welts” start to appear. Others who are more skin sensitive may also develop skin rash after being bitten.

Below are some photo references from victims on what bed bug bites and the resulting skin rash from the bites may look like:

Bed Bug Rashes On Woman Arm

A Picture of The Cluster Pattern Bites of Bed Bugs

Multiple Bed Bug Bites On The Leg

Where Do The Bites Most Commonly Occur?

Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide that we exhale and our body heat which explains why they tend to attack at night, while we sleep. Any exposed areas of the bodies while we sleep are target spots for a bed bug to bite. The most common areas reported by victims include the face, neck, back, hands, arms and legs.

Do Bed Bug Bites Hurt? Do The Bites Itch?

Unless you have an allergic reaction to the bites (which is very rare), bed bug bites do not hurt as the bug releases an antiseptic ingredient that numbs the skin temporarily. For most people, the bites typically swell and itch within a few hours of being bitten and may develop into a rash. For others, the symptoms of the bites may take 5-10 days to show up.

Skin rashes from bed bug bites usually last for three days before fading. However, people who are extremely sensitive to the bites will display the rash symptoms for up to a week or more and may require professional medical attention to get the bite rash to dissipate entirely.

How To Tell The Difference Between Mosquito, Flea and Bed Bug Bites?

For many people, it can be difficult, if not impossible to spot the difference between bed bug bites from other arthropods such as fleas and mosquitoes due to the resemblance of the bites. Even for some doctors, they may not immediately recognize the dermatological reactions of the bites to be from bed bugs and often, mistook them to be from mosquitoes, ticks or scabies and in some real cases, even misdiagnose the bites as hives or an allergic skin rash.

To tell the difference between mosquitoes and flea bites vs bed bug bites, look for the following symptoms:

Flea bites are usually smaller and the swellings are hard to the touch. Fleas also tend to leave multiple bites in random pattern, especially around the ankles and legs. The bites can be itchy up to a week and when scratched, it can result in an open wound or infection. In most cases where the victims are bitten by fleas, they may have previously came into close contact with pets like dogs and cats or wildlife including rabbits, raccoons, squirrels and rats which may carry fleas that bite humans.

Flea Bites

When bitten by mosquitoes, the bites flare up quickly and itch immediately, but commonly after a day or so, the itch and swelling usually disappear. The wheal of mosquitoes bites are also slightly raised, bigger and unevenly shaped. There are no definite bite patterns and the bites of mosquitoes also appear more isolated across different parts of the body and doesn’t appear in any cluster formation.

Mosquitoes Bites

The characteristics of bed bug bites usually look like little red bumps that appear in groups or a cluster formation of 3 lined together (often nicknamed “breakfast, lunch, and dinner”). The reaction to the bites may differ from person to person and symptoms can take from a few minutes to more than 10 days to show up. For most individuals, the bites of bed bugs will itch severely and the discomfort may continue with each passing day. Some people may also develop an allergic response.

Bitten By Bed Bugs

If one is still not sure about whether the bites come from bed bugs, fleas, mosquitoes or other insects, pest control experts recommend taking a few minutes to examine the bed sheets for any telltale bloodstains that bed bugs often leave behind after a blood meal. At the same time, inspect the seams, folds and edges of the mattress where you or the victim sleeps for any signs of the live bugs since bed bugs are nocturnal creatures and often hides around these areas of the mattress during the day.

Do Bed Bugs Transmit Disease? Are Their Bites Contagious?

Currently, there are no medical evidence to suggests that bed bugs or their bites transmit disease or are contagious.

Medical and scientific research concerning whether bed bugs carry infectious diseases are still ongoing, and while some studies detected the presence of Hepatitis B virus in the bugs after a blood meal, there are still no medical evidence to prove nor support that the viruses reproduce or spread any diseases in humans.

In very rare cases, people who have experienced an allergic reaction suffered anaphylaxis, a condition that may cause hives, shortness of breath and lowered blood pressure, according to a report from the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The psychological impact of an infestation can cause increased stress, anxiety, depression, paranoia and other mental and emotional issues. Even after a home is free of bugs, people may feel intense fear that a re-infestation will occur.

How Does One Treat Bed Bug Bites And The Rashes On The Skin?

Treatment for bed bug bites or the resulting skin rash typically involves the use of local antiseptic lotion, antibiotic cream or ointment. Go for corticosteroid creams and oral antihistamines to help reduce the itching, swelling or redness as well as treat any allergic reaction to the bitten areas.

If one does not have these antibiotic creams around the house, try using an icy compress or running lukewarm water on the welts to help temporarily relieve the discomfort and irritation. Avoid or limit scratching the affected areas. If there are any open wounds due to scratching, wash and keep the bite areas clean to prevent any secondary infection to the wound.

Depending on individual’s dermatological response to the bites, most bed bug bites as well as skin rash can take from a few hours to as long as two weeks to heal and resolve.

For those who experience severe allergic reaction, skin infection or pain due to bed bug bites, see your doctor right away.

How To Prevent Getting Bitten By Bed Bugs?

Since bed bugs, in most cases, attack their victims during the night while they sleep, the first line of defense would be to invest in quality bed bug proof covers to help encase the mattress protect against the bugs and aid in the prevention of the bites.

As a preventive measure, one can also add “Climbup Interceptor” to the legs of the bed that will prevent prevent bed bugs from climbing onto your bed. Alternatively, for beds without legs, a popular choice would be to stick double-sided tape around the bed.

Alternatively, one can also apply bed bug pesticides like Diatomaceous Earth to defend your perimeters around the area where one sleeps. Diatomaceous Earth helps dehydrates and kills the bed bugs upon contact.

If you suspect you have an infestation, the best piece of advice would be to call in a certified professional to inspect and treat the house.

For travelers: do a little bit of due diligence on the Bed Bug Registry to check for any complaints of bed bugs in the hotel you intend to stay and always, performing a quick check on the hotel mattress, sheets and headboard can help prevent any encounter with bed bugs and their bites.

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16 comments… add one
  • Seth Frank

    Wow! My son has had these bumps on his arm for a few weeks and although we suspected that it might be bed bugs this now all but confirms it. The picture looks exactly like his. We’ve been on the road and there is a good chance one of the places we stayed definitely had them. That registry is a great resource.

  • Nori L.

    You’ve got a great resource here by the way. Good job! I actually never know of the Bed Bug Registry until I stumbled on this page. The photos are great help too.

    My little brother actually had clusters of red spot appear on his legs and was freaked out. He went to the doctor and was told it was bed bugs. No one in my family ever had to deal with them. Man he was complaining and itching like crazy. He was prescribed some ointment and it went away. In the end it wasn’t anything too serious but definitely freaky to say the least.

    Are there any 100% natural product out there that can help? Just curious.

    Key thing with BBs is they pop up days after exposure so hard to pinpoint sometimes if you’re traveling or moving around. Anyways I bookmarked the page for future reference. Thanks again!

  • Maire Josiah

    These bumps appeared on my husband and my limbs. We thought they were mosquito bites as they felt itchy, but the marks didn’t disappear and started to proliferate gradually in an unusual cluttered pattern. And then we noticed that our homes do not have any mosquito breeding issues. I didn’t really think about bed bugs actually. Looks like we’ve got to change our 20 year old bed asap.

  • Maria

    Bed bugs are real evil, they are the consorts of Satan and I hate them like hell. My whole leg, from knee to calf has become spotted and ugly, thanks to these creepy bastards. I have tried to get rid of them in many ways but each time I find that they have come back. Desperately need a solution. I will definitely try the solutions outlined here.

  • Quinn

    Wow, thanks for this. I got some pretty bad bites on my shoulder a couple weeks ago staying at a cheap motel for a couple nights. I couldn’t even figure out what had happened at first. I’ve never had an experience with bedbugs before and had no idea how irritating they were. That bedbug registry is a really helpful tool. I’ll definitely report the hotel where I found them and keep them in mind when I’m traveling in the future.

  • Samuel

    These doggone bedbugs have gone too far. I’m in NY and they’re everywhere spreading from apartment to apartment. If you don’t act fast they’ll cost you a fortune to get rid of. My son got bitten and he’s one of the children that are allergic so his arm swelled up in huge, nasty lumps. The doctor in the ER thought he might have a staph infection so we had to take 10 days of meds. I have to try that Diatomaceous Earth. The exterminator used it a few years ago for ants and it worked like a charm.

  • Myst

    All I can say is that being bitten by bed bugs is a serious issue. I am only 19 years old and having to deal with this every single night and it sucks! I’m embarrassed and tormented by these bastards every day. Before I head to bed, I always do a scan but that never seems to work because right when I start going into a deep sleep, I start to feel pinching and wake up instantly afraid. I pray before I go to sleep because I’m so afraid of getting bitten. I go to college and even on hot days I try to cover myself because I’m so embarrassed by these bastards. I’m going to try everything I’ve just read because I’m seriously going nuts. If I had the money, I would literally just start fresh but unfortunately I don’t. So I’m praying and keeping my fingers crossed that these tips help because if they don’t, I think I’m gonna lose it.

  • Michell

    Agghh, bed bugs, I simply hate them. My bed once got infested with these nasty bugs and I developed rashes from their bites. I had to hire professionals to treat my house.

  • Alicia

    I only see mayb 1or 2 bites a wk I have 4 kids n a hubby that never gottn bite I was wondern is it somtin my body sending off

  • ak47

    We have bed bugs in our apartment.. the funny thing is they haven’t bit me because I smoke cigarettes.. but my BF is bitten all over…

  • Ruined life

    Bed bugs are ruining my life! I tried pretty much everything, pros, DE, alcohol washed all my clothes, I don’t even think I have them anymore, I moved, left everything behind two days in my new apt and I was bitten like never before! So I don’t know what it is! I’m sleeping on an air mattress and still got bitten even inside my two butt cheeks, could it be something else?

  • Sandy

    Why do i still get itchy when it turns dark even though i can’t see any bed bugs? Are they invisible also?

    It seems that when it gets dark around 11 pm or so my itching starts!!!!!

  • Shawna

    I remember when I was younger and my mom would say”Sleep tight and don’t let the Bed Bugs Bite” I would laugh and then go to sleep. well today boy was that ever true! The bed bugs are in my apartment and let me tell you it has been a night mare. I moved from one apartment to another and I have them again. The last place we lived my husband and I left our furniture. They live in wood as well. I have tried several things. To no avail nothing is working so far. They have ruined linens and blankets by leaving nasty little black spots on EVERY-THING…..which I have read is bed bug waste. you basically have to move and take nothing with you. Because they live in any-thing and every- thing. I am to my wits end with these blood sucking demon bugs!!!!! My body is covered in a rash and I am constantly itching. I am looking for help to rid them once and for all……

  • Bill

    You can handily defeat the parasites with patience, rubbing alcohol, CO2 traps, diatomaceous earth and a professional grade steam machine (Karcher is a great choice). Steam the heck out of everything (especially seams of bed mattresses) and keep a log of any and all places you see them and the hours of the day or night. Seal your bed in heavy drop sheet plastic. Hot wash sheets, pillow cases. Block all entry points and buy reverse adhesive tape (amazing stuff!). Dismantle your bed frame, headboard, etc. and steam it/them too. The best defense is hot steam everything in sight (killing all eggs on contact). Sleep out of your bedroom and seal it and set traps (near couches too if they have traveled there). We’re winning the battle now and have been free for a week and a half. Next apartment has them, we suspect. Check for bites daily (document). It can be done, but you have to shell out money for a steamer and some are expensive (but well worth the investment versus hiring a professional if you so choose to do it yourself). Tip: Be vigilant and tenacious. I have literally seen them run from steam heat of 245 degrees!!! It’s sweet revenge!

  • shabratt

    started getting itchy bumps, thought it was mosquitoes, finally jumped up one night as soon as I felt something, sure enough there it sat the little nasty bed bug, I bagged it up and tore apart the room, found them in curtains, in the bed, all over, emptied the room dried everything on hot hot hot, washed on hot, had an exterminator come in, $1200 later still getting bit. bought a steamer, steamed every crack and crevices, I get bit about once a week, some worse than others. I am now getting rid of the piles of clothes I have in my house, I was told DE doesn’t work independently, trying Cimexa powder now, alcohol, and bed bug spray, I will not be satisfied until I go one whole year without a bite. ggggrrrrrr

  • Jason

    I just moved into my apt about 3weeks ago…i have BB and reported it to my landlord. He called me a liar and said he already “took” care of the issue…i just killed one half an hour ago and documented on camera. What kind of recourse do I have if he rented me this apt knowing it had an infestation?

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